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Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology has the facilities for the consultation and services related to the identification, evaluation and intervention of hearing disorders and comprehensive assessment, analysis, management and consultation for children with speech, language, and swallowing/feeding disorders. A unique client centered method is practiced, highlighting the childrens' abilities, rather than their disabilities.

Unit of Speech Language Pathology

  • Screening of various speech language disorders
  • Comprehensive assessment of various speech language disorders
  • Speech language intervention
    • Speech therapy
    • Language therapy
    • Learning disability training
    • Home training
    • Demonstration therapy

Unit of Audiology

  • Audiological evaluation
  • Auditory verbal therapy

Services in the unit of Speech Language Pathology

  • Screening of various speech language disorders

The speech language pathologists in the unit is routinely involved in the screening of various speech and language disorders. Other professionals is also involved in the screening programme and referred for appropriate intervention strategies.

  • Comprehensive assessment of various speech language disorders

The unit is involved in the detailed assessment, diagnosis, counseling and management of various speech and language disorders. The evaluation starts by taking detailed case history and through specialized speech and language test materials does the diagnosis. The speech language pathologists also provide detailed counseling regarding the disorder and its management options.

  • Speech language intervention

Speech-language therapy is the treatment to help people of all ages with different speech and language disorders. Speech and language therapy focuses on receptive language, or the ability to understand words spoken to you, and expressive language, or the ability to use words to express yourself. It also deals with the mechanics of producing words, such as articulation, fluency, and voice. Speech Language Pathologists are the professionals who treat speech and language problems in children and adults.

Services provided in the department are,

1. Speech therapy

  • Articulation management

Provided for the patients who have difficulties in producing speech sounds in syllables or in words, so that other people can't understand what's being said. Common disorders include structural problems like cleft lip & palate and tongue tie, developmental dysarthria, developmental apraxia of speech or the problem may due to faulty learning.

  • Fluency management

For the problems such as stuttering, the condition in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions or prolonging sounds and syllables and also for cluttering which is mainly characterized by fast rate of speech. The service is also provided for patients with fluency problem after an brain injury (Neurogenic stuttering)

  • Voice management

For the problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what's being said. The services is provided for the patients who have congenital laryngeal pathologies, structural changes in vocal fold such asThe vocal nodules, vocal polyps, vocal fold paralysis and also for voice problems due to psychological reasons.

2. Language therapy

By assessing the speech, language, cognitive-communication, and swallowing skills of children and adults, speech-language pathologists can identify types of communication problems and the best way to treat them. Based on the assessment, the SLPs will set the goal to be worked with a child or adult. In speech-language therapy, an SLP will work with a child or with an adult to overcome difficulties involved with a specific disorder. Therapists use a variety of intervention strategies and activities to achieve the previously set goals.

Various child language disorders include:

  • Autistic spectrum disorders
  • Hearing impairment
  • Cognitive (intellectual; thinking) or other developmental delays
  • Specific language impairment
  • Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder
  • Learning Disability
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Multiple Impairments
  • Seizure Disorders

Various adult language disorders include:

  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Aphasia
  • Right hemisphere damage
  • Dementia

The duration of speech therapy will vary depending on several factors. It depends on the problem the child is working on. A child might see the therapist once a week or a few times a week. Some treatments are short and others are longer. Treatment can take a few weeks, a few months, or a few years. It also depends on the home training that is given by parents. Speech-language experts agree that parental involvement is crucial to the success of a child's progress in speech or language therapy.

3. Learning disability training

The unit is involved in the evaluation and assessment of children who have specific difficulties to listen, speak, read, spell or to do mathematical calculations

4. Demonstration therapy and home training

Demonstration therapy is provided for the patients who are in need and detailed home training programs are given to all clients.

Services in the Unit of Audiology

  • Audiological evaluation

The unit conducts audiological evaluation for the referred population and has facilities for the diagnosis purpose and also provide detailed counseling regarding the disorder and it’s management options such as hearing aid fitting, cochlear implant and therapeutic interventions.

Diagnostic Instruments available in the department;

1. Pure tone Audiometery (Elkon eda 3N3 Multi) – To evaluate the hearing and speech threshold and will provide the degree and type of hearing loss.

2. Imittance Audiometery (Amplaid) – To determine the status of the tympanic membrane & middle ear and be able to determine the middle ear disorders.

  • Auditory verbal therapy

A specialized type of therapy designed for hearing impaired children, to use their hearing provided by a hearing aid or a cochlear implant for understanding speech and learning to talk.

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